Command space technologies and concept of operations.
Multiband Surveillance Cameras
Category: Thermal Imaging Cameras | 27/04/2010 - 15:32:27
ICx imaging solutions are currently deployed throughout the world, including in conflict theaters for base and asset protection.
They are also found at scores of nuclear facilities to compliment existing security systems; they are at numerous ports, airfields, and offshore oil platforms, as well as critical infrastructure.
Multiband Surveillance Cameras
The ICx family of thermal cameras offers continuous zoom, CCD pan-and-tilt imaging and integrated thermal and EO images called VisionSense. ICx cameras provide 24-hour surveillance using high-performance cooled and uncoiled thermal imagers. The DefendIR uncooled cameras are highly modular and configurable with different lenses, sensors and controllers to match mission requirements. An optional high-lumen spotlight is also available for illuminating and deterring incursions.
The ICx family of thermal cameras offers best-in-class continuous, optical zoom capabilities, integrated CCTV with stabilized pan-and-tilt for superior image quality and presentation. A proprietary feature of all ICx EO systems is the VisionSense display function. This allows thermal and CCTV images to be viewed simultaneously in a single overlapping image. This feature is particularly effective when viewing objects that have similar thermal contrast to the background temperature.
Also available are long-range, high-performance Orion camera systems. Orion is a high-resolution, cooled thermal imager with continuous optical zoom, pan-and-tilt, CCTV and laser range-finder integration options with a long life. Both the DefendIR and Orion integrate seamlessly with radars to provide slew-to-cue capabilities with proven results in multiple deployments.
DefendIR Uncooled, Dual Band Thermal Imager
The DefendIR is an industry-leading, mid-range thermal imager that can see in complete darkness and through a multitude of environmental conditions including smoke, rain, snow, dust, and dense fog. The DefendIR is based on forward looking infrared (FLIR) technology.
Through the innovative use of VisionSense, which combines video feeds from both a visible light (CCD) camera and an infrared camera, the user can mix and merge the two visual sources. This generates the ability to penetrate glare, as well as to see through windows, glass or water. Featuring a sleek integrated pan-and-tilt design, the camera is capable of continuous 360degree panning and a +/- 80 degree tilt withstanding temperatures ranging from 40o to +60oC. It supports most protocols used in commercial and military applications, and can be easily integrated into existing fiber, wireless or IP networks. Offering 15 lens and detector combinations, each camera can be customized to meet detailed range-performance requirements.
The Orion is a long-range "cooled" camera utilizing the same FLIR technology developed for the U.S. military. The Orion camera is ideal for both day and night perimeter security. It offers the best range performance in its class, boasting a 100mm to 550mm continuous optical-zoom lens. Featuring an integrated, stabilized pan-and-tilt design, the camera is capable of continuous 360 degree panning and can withstand temperatures ranging from -40ºC to +60ºC. The Orion has a rugged housing which is environmentally sealed to meet both NEMA 4 and IP65 specifications.
Orion Cooled Thermal Imager
Requiring only four screws and one cable, ICx cameras install with little effort. Their light weight and small power draw add to the ease of installation, use and to the mobility of the system. ICx cameras are field- tested and in use in operating environments ranging from current conflict theaters, to maritime facilities, airfields, ports, and nuclear facilities.
Like its "uncooled" counterparts, the Orion easy integrates with existing security systems and technologies. It supports most protocols used in commercial and military applications and can be integrated with fiber, wireless, or IP networks. The Orion also interfaces with radar, VMD, UGS (Unattended Ground Sensors) or other trigger devices to provide a slew-to-cue solution.
Command and Control
The proposed system will be controlled from a central command center through the use of an adaptable and scalable command-and-control software suite called Resolution™, which is integrated seamlessly with radars and cameras and video analytics. The Resolution command-and-control system receives sensor data and video from the surveillance sensors and overlays alarm information directly onto a geosynchronous map of the surrounding area.
Resolution enables users in a command center to remotely control and visualize the radar tracks and camera output. The flexible and configurable design of our towers, sensors and software allow ease of integration with a wide array of new and legacy surveillance equipment. Our solutions have the versatility to be scalable as threats and required coverage expands.
Resolution from ICx is a flexible video-display platform that can be deployed to manage the command-and-control security infrastructure for critical facilities as well as for enterprise-wide video systems. Its architecture supports multiple users, complex privilege hierarchies, and hundreds of sensors and output devices.
Resolution can be deployed using a video display wall or as a stand-alone terminal display. Resolution provides ease of control for multiple cameras, alarms and event management, recorders and situation awareness sensors. It is scalable and compatible with legacy and new equipment - simultaneously controlling analog and IP inputs. Resolution supports the seamless integration of new and existing assets to support the larger common operating picture (COP). Resolution can also display radar track data as provided by ICx radars. This track data can be used to "slew-to-cue" associated video cameras providing the operator near instantaneous assessment of targets.
The Resolution software platform is able to "plug-and-play" with more than 200 different models of surveillance cameras and with all ICx radars. Off-the-shelf drivers are available for analog- or digital-camera technology, standard GPS tracking systems and GIS software packages. Resolution can also be configured to provide "hierarchical" C2 nodes with a "common operational picture."
Integrated Surveillance Systems
An integrated surveillance system can provide both primary and backup surveillance command stations. Resolution command and control software seamlessly interconnects each command node in the control system with the surveillance sensor network.
The intuitive graphics interface allows operators to manage sensor inputs, conduct analysis and control the sensor network. Geospatial maps can be imported from any source and geo-referenced to the geography. Each command station of this sort would contain, at a minimum, a Resolution Security Client, Resolution Device Driver Server and a Network Video Recorder. Recording for the facility would be available at the primary command post. This ensures that video is archived at the lowest possible level preventing a catastrophic loss of data. All of these command nodes can be networked with standard Gigabit-Ethernet networks or wireless IP networks. Remote systems can be connected in either fashion via internet protocol.
During operations, targets are acquired by the ground surveillance system, ground operators are notified by alarm, and intruder tracks are displayed on the operator's console. Intruder information, geo-location, speed, and heading are displayed with the tracks. Simultaneously, intruder-location information is transmitted to the surveillance camera. The camera slews to the target and displays an image of the target. At this point the operator can decide if, in fact, the target is friendly or unknown and requiring more information. Or, it could be hostile. The target can be classified by the operator as "friend or foe" and the target's track information will display this classification.
System alarms are recorded in the Resolution database. Images associated with those alarms can be retrieved and replayed by operators as needed. Further, "alarm zones" can be established through Resolution that display intruder alerts associated with those zones. These zones are completely configurable and business rules can be established to "turn zones on or off based on time of day". The zones can be easily reset by operators to reflect changes in the environment and operational changes.
Resolution is widely deployed to manage the command-and-control security infrastructure for critical military and government facilities as well as municipalities and state-wide transportation systems. Its architecture supports multiple users, complex privilege hierarchies, and hundreds of sensors and output devices.
ICx offers cameras that integrate two or three spectrums of light for imaging, detection and warning. The Illuminator camera includes a CCD color camera and a 12-million candlepower, strobe-capable spotlight. The system can be controlled through the Resolution interface. In operation, the Illuminator can be cued to a target by radar or analytics, the target verified via the lowlight CCD camera and pinpointed/warned via the spotlight. The spotlight can also be set in a strobe mode that can interrupt suspicious activities when trained on the target.
Cerberus- Self Contained Mobile Surveillance Platforms
Cerberus is an unmanned, mobile surveillance platform, autonomously powered and ideal for applications in which rapid deployment is mission critical. Cerberus is designed to address perimeter, border, and point surveillance applications, primarily with regard to force and asset protection. The combination of relocatable, wide-area surveillance along with agile command-and-control capabilities make the Cerberus a force multiplier. The inherent flexibility and portability of Cerberus allows its adaptation to a wide range of sensors and command and control options, depending upon mission requirements. Rugged, dependable and supportable, the Cerberus platform is always ready to provide operators the ability to "See First - Understand First - Act First" under any situation.
Each system comprises the following:
- Aluminum trailer that can be towed by a standard lightweight or half-ton pickup truck, or military equivalent
- "Skid mount" pallet option for truck bed integration
- Variable height and design sensor mast
- On-board ICx C2 Node providing sensor connectivity, communications and power management
- On-board diesel generator with integrated power distribution infrastructure;
- 12/24 Volt battery system with an auto-start feature for the generator (generator is automatically started to recharge batteries, when predetermined battery depletion level is reached)
- On-board environmental enclosure with PC rack mounts and climate-control
- C-130 Transportable and sling load capable
The sensor package for the Cerberus varies according to range and detection requirements. Three versions are available as standard configurations, the Sx, Mx and Lx. The sensor packages vary while the command-and-control node, along with an integrated power- and sensor- management package, remain standard.
The Cerberus trailer physically comprises the trailer and sensor pallet. The sensor pallet can be removed from the trailer and loaded onto the bed of a standard one ton pick-up truck or equivalent vehicle. The sensor pallet dimensions are 48"W x 96L x 83" H. This gives operators the flexibility to use the trailer-mounted system as a towed unit which can be detached from the tow vehicle and left in place as a detached sensor node. Or, the system can be loaded into the back of the reconnaissance truck and used in a mobile "shoot and move" mode.
Command and Control of the surveillance sensors is accomplished via the ICx C2 node and a ruggedized work station. If acting as a stand-alone surveillance node the Resolution software will control only the mobile system. All cameras and radars can be operated from the work station and Resolution. Connection of the system into a fixed surveillance network is also facilitated by Resolution.
Currently Cerberus systems are deployed on the southern border of the United States, and by the U.S. Army throughout southwest Asia. The Cerberus systems include integrated ground-based radars, thermal and CCTV cameras, command-and-control software and communications equipment. Options for units to be networked and/or operated remotely or from the cab of a tow vehicle are available.
This option provides an STS-350 radar, DefendIR thermal imager and C2 node along with the basic power and mechanical options.
This option provides an STS-1400 radar, DefendIR thermal imager and C2 node along with the basic power and mechanical options.
This option provides a third-party, 30,000m pulse Doppler radar, Orion thermal imager and C2 node along with the basic power and mechanical options.
100' Communications and Surveillance Tower
In order to provide the proper line of sight for communications and data transfer a mobile self-guyed 100' tower is available. The system is easily transportable and takes up a small geographic footprint. The tower system can be configured to stage communications antennas and cameras as needed. The self-guyed system doesn't require a pad and can be set up by three people in less than two hours.
Notional Remote Base Security System
The implementation of an ICx CommandSpace solution for a notional (2 x 3km perimeter) remote forward base is outlined below. Assumptions about power and communications follows:
- 2Km x 3Km perimeter facility for Medium Size Base
- 700m x 700m Perimeter facility for Small forward Base
- Level desert terrain /Mountainous terrain
- Anticipated threat vectors - land infiltration on foot or by small vehicle (compact truck, motorcycle)
- Physical barrier around base (concertina and or fence)
- Line of sight available (10Km)
- Dedicated defense forces Hardline IP communications (Fast Ethernet)
- One central Base Defense Operations Center (BDOC)
- 110/220V power available
- "Total knowledge" of the entire battlespace is difficult if not impossible to achieve with traditional surveillance technology. Semi-experienced adversaries with superior knowledge of the terrain can easily defeat sensors that are placed "on" the perimeter of the facility. Sensors that are able to reach beyond the physical perimeter and detect intruders have the capacity to raise alarms well rior to the intruders reaching the perimeter.
This is critical because distance from the perimeter equals the time available to direct forces to intercep or neutralize. More distance from the target equates to more time to intercept and possibly prevent an attack. A combination of ground surveillance radars, mobile surveillance towers, EO and IR imaging systems working together can provide a significantly "hardened" perimeter and battlefield oversight that will serve to enhance overall Force Protection.
Remote Semi-fixed Site- Large Base
Remote Semi-fixed Site- Large BaseIn the attached figure we assume the use of two STS-12000s on a portable platform, two Orion cooled thermal imagers, connected with the Resolution VMS Command and Control system. The Resolution VMS system is configured for two control nodes that can be co-located or remotely located within the forward site.
While a single STS-12000 mounted on a fixed tower is feasible it gives no redundancy nor does it allow for any variability in terrain features. Frequently our customers integrate the shorter range radars into the solution to make up for gaps in radar coverage based on terrain.
Mounting the 12000s on trailer systems gives the users flexibility in concept of operations. Set-up time is approximately two hours depending on existing infrastructure.
The approximate price of the shown hardware configuration is $1.2 million. A more detailed price sheet is attached. Pricing will vary according to the actual equipment selected.
Remote Semi-fixed Site -Small Base
Remote Semi-fixed Site -Small BaseIn this senario the site is protected by a combination of small, short-range radars, cameras, mobile surveillance units and unmanned surveillance towers. Any of these systems can be mixed and matched to allow for maximum flexibility in the concept of operations, and for total system effectiveness.
In the diagram we are specifying the use of four STS-350s, matched DefendIRs, and a Cerberus camera tower mounting an Orion. We have also used the STS-350/DefendIR in a mobile surveillance mode. This is accomplished by putting the STS-350 on the back of a utility vehicle, including an integrated IR camera and a C2 station.
The approximate price of the shown hardwired configuration is approximately $1.7 million, not including the utility vehicle. Pricing will vary according to the actual equipment selected.